Lets start with some fast starter facts about Donkeys. A female is called a Jenny while a breeding male is called a Jack. Neutered males remain Geldings just like horses.
The Donkey species is descended from the African Ass. Smarter than the horse and built with a better tolerance for rugged terrain and climates, they and have been used in agriculture for over 5,000 years. In many parts of the world, they are still used in exactly the same way. Along with being good at pulling plows, working mills, pulling carts, and carrying goods as pack animals, donkeys also make excellent livestock guards. As for shoeing, donkeys normally only get shoes when they are used for heavy labour or work on hard surfaces such as city streets.
Ready to build your own donkeys? Okay, let’s get to the kit!
Sliders You Will Need
- Heather’s Sliders / Shoreline Hill Stables – Found Here
- Ear Lean, Large Ears, and Rotate Earz by OneEuroMutt – Found Here
- Horse Size by Bongo – Found Here
- Head Size, Belly Size (optional), Muzzle Size by Pharaoh Hound – Found Here
(Despite what she said in her notes, I haven’t hand any conficts with these.)
- (Optional) Sliders to be used in V2 but not needed for V1: Sliders by Eray Evren Studfarm – Found Here
CC Horse Hair and Markings You Will Need
- Roach Mane by Sugars Legacy Stables – Found Here
- Primitive Marking Set by Pharaoh Hound – Found Here
- Eye Detail Marking by Lakeside Saddlery – Found Here
- Eye Shadow by Silver Dragon – Found Here
Base Template V1
Solid Donkey Coats Pack
Colors found in this pack are Dun Pangare shades of the following:
|Bay||Slate (default on template)|
Crash Course In Donkey Coat Color Genetics
All donkeys come with two main genes: Dun gene and Pangare pattern gene. Whether visible or not, all donkeys will have the “cross” mark in their genes. As for Pangare, there are cases, although rare, where a genetic mutation causes the Pangare pattern to not show up. You see this a lot more in mini donkeys, but it is still relatively rare.
Spotted Donkeys whether full size or mini basically operate on an Overo pattern. When building your coat for a Spotted Donkey, the base coat should be visible along the spine. If there is color over the shoulders, the dun shoulder cross will likely be visible. When making your own Spotted Donkey coat, you can mix in large spot patches along with the Overo patches to get a realistic coat.
A side note about breeding Spotted Donkeys realistically… Breeding Spotted to Spotted does run the risk of creating a foal with Lethal White disease (caused by a genetic mutation in homozygous overos) as it does in Overo horses. It can still be done, but extensive genetic testing is done in order to ensure the safety of the foal crops. It it more common practice to breed a Spotted to a Solid to prevent Lethal White from occurring.
Breeding Mules and Other Hybrids
Many of you may already know much if not most of what I’ll covered here, but I’m listing it anyway for those who don’t.
The most common Donkey x Horse hybrid is the Mule. These are the product of a Jack donkey and a Mare horse. Crossing a Jenny donkey with a stallion results in what’s called a Hinny. Hinnys tend to have a lower conception rate, thus why they are less common.
Mules and Hinnys are both born sterile. The reason for this is that Donkeys have only 62 chromosomes while Horses have 64. So when you crossbreed the two, you get an animal with 63 chromosomes. This causes the animal to be sterile. The same result happens when crossing Zebras with either Donkeys or Horses because Zebras have a chromosome number range between 32 and 46 depending on the species. Hybrids still end up with an odd number of chromosomes, thus making them sterile.
Mules are most commonly used in agriculture as their greater strength and intelligence makes them better at plowing fields. They are also used in driving carts and operating horse-powered mills the likes of which produce molasses out of sugar cane.
In modern days, you can see Mules and Donkeys both in shows around the world for halter, pulling, and driving. Some are bred as they have been for centuries, others are new creations for color and or size. The most striking in my opinion would be the appaloosa mules which actually may have been common back during the days of the Spanish Jennet horse that was brought to the Americas.